How to measure investment returns?

When we talk about Investment, the most significant aspect is what kind of return can typically get. Returns can fluctuate in nature over a long period. Thus, it is hard to make sense of what the eventual corpus would be at a various expected rate of returns.

When it comes to Investment and calculating returns, many people still don’t understand how to calculate ROI. Return on Investment is a performance measure used to evaluate the efficiency of an investment, or we can say it compares the effectiveness of several different investments.

To calculate ROI, the benefit of an investment/ return is divided by the cost of the Investment. The result is expressed as a percentage.

The formula that generally uses in – ROI = (Current Value of Investment – Cost of Investment) / Cost of Investment

For understanding in a simple mariner, we take an example that helps you that how to calculate investment return. Suppose Vihaan invested $1,000 in sari market. In 2017 and sold his stock shares for a total of $1,200 one year later. To calculate his return on his investment, he would divide his profits ($1,200 – $1,000 = $200) by the investment cost ($1,000), for a ROI of $200/$1,000, or 20 percent.

With this information, he could compare his Investment in other sari results with his other projects. Suppose Vihaan also invested $2,000 in Big-Sale Stores. In 2015 and sold his shares for a total of $2,800 in 2017. The ROI on Joe’s holdings in Big-Sale would be $800/$2,000, or 40 percent.

Investments are accomplished for the reason of creating and growing wealth. The purpose of wealth accumulation could be unique, however. It is advisable to set-up other speculation for each money related objective.

Here we talk about two types of investments Mutual found and stock trading, and we discuss in detail how to calculate the return of Investment for mutual fund and stock trading.

First, we talk about mutual fund and how it helps to become wetly and how to calculate return on a mutual fund-

A mutual fund is a professionally well-managed investment. A mutual fund is controlled by an asset management company (AMC) which acts as a go-between for the retail financial specialists. We can quickly check the information about a fund from the AMCs (Asset Management Company’s) website. Still, for some investors, it may be a valuable service. The AMC pools in cash from countless financial specialists and puts it in value shares, securities, currency market instruments, and different kinds of protections. Every financial specialist, consequently, assigned a specific number of units proportionate to his invested amount in the fund. The financial specialist is known as the unitholder. The unitholder shares the additions, misfortunes, pay, and costs of the store in the extent to his interest in the reserve.

For mutual fund investment, I measure investment returns via these methods, which clearly explain to you how to calculate return on a mutual fund.


Here, we look at different methods used to measure investment returns, and you select which way works best for according to your purpose:

1. Absolute Returns – Absolute returns simply that the total amount which you gain on your principal Investment. The complete returns used for computing investment returns.

Example: If you have invested 1 lakh and after five years the total amount is 1.5 lakh. The absolute return is 50%


2. Annualised Returns- In absolute returns time value of money is not measuring but In annualized returns also includes the time value of money.

Example: Just if you have invested 1 lakh and after five years your total amount is 2.5 lakh then the absolute return is 150% and is Annualised Returns 20.11%

3. Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR)- It is essentially a rate of return when applied yearly would invest grow from the initial value to the final cost.

4. Price Returns- Price Return refers to the difference between the final value and initial value of an investment.

5. Total Returns- it also takes into consideration the income generated through dividend distribution as well as interest income.

This is the factors that are used to calculate mutual fund.

Second, we talk about stock trading and how it helps to become wetly and how to calculate return in stock trading –

Stock trading is buying and selling shares. Popular stocks most companies know include Apple (AAPL), Facebook (FB), Disney (DIS), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Google (GOOGL), Netflix (NFLX), and more recently listed companies such as Uber (UBER) and Pinterest (PINS).

In the stock market, for every buyer, there is a seller that is the way of stock trading. When you buy 1000 shares of stock, someone is selling 1000 shares to you. As same, when you go to sell your shares of stock, someone has to buy them. If there are more buyers than sellers (demand), then the stock price will go up. Conversely, if there are more sellers than buyers (too much supply), the price will fall.

For calculate the net gain or loss of your stock trading, subtract the purchase price from the current rate, and divide the difference by the purchase price of the stock.

An example that easily explains you to how to calculate interest return for stock trading-

Suppose that an investor buys 100 shares of XYZ Company at $10/share for a total investment of $1,000. Now, suppose that two months later, the investor sells the 100 shares for $17/share. They receive $1,700, and $700 is your profit.

That is measured in amount but if we need to calculate in percentage then follow the following example-

The CTC investment was made at $10/share, and then you sold at $17/share. The per-share gain is $7 ($17 – $10). Then percentage return on your $10/share investment is 70% ($7 gain / $10 cost).

That is the way to measure investment returns for mutual fund and stock trading.

Conclusion: So your net return is the number that will get you to your destination. This article helps to measure investment returns.




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